Amsterdam Centraal railway station in Amsterdam

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' (code: Asd) is the central station of Amsterdam. It is one of the main railway hubs of the Netherlands and is used by 250,000 passengers a day, excluding transferring passengers. It is also the starting point of Amsterdam Metro lines 51, 53, and 54. The station building of Amsterdam Centraal was designed by Pierre Cuypers and A. L. van Gendt, and opened in 1889. It features a roof span of approximately 40 metres fabricated in cast iron by Andrew Handyside of Derby, England. The station is currently under reconstruction due to the construction of the North/South metro line (metro line 52).

is twinned with  station in London, United Kingdom—the other terminus of the Dutchflyer rail-ferry service.

History

The building of Amsterdam Centraal is situated on three man-made islands, themselves resting on 8,687 wooden piles which have been driven deep into the muddy and sandy soil. The current location of the station is not the site the city of Amsterdam had originally hoped for; other possibilities included somewhere near the Leidseplein, the Weesperplein, or in the vicinity of the modern-day Sarphatipark. Officials in The Hague, however, felt that the eventual location at the head of the city, along The IJ, was the best location. This was viewed as a highly controversial decision, as it effectively cut off Amsterdam from its own waterfront, making it, for all purposes, an inland city. In his History of Amsterdam, Dutch historian Geert Mak writes that:
Almost all of Amsterdam's own experts and others involved in thought this to be a catastrophic plan, 'the most disgusting possible attack on the beauty and glory of the capital'. Nevertheless, the building of the Central Station in front of the open harbour was forced through by the railway department of the Ministry of Transport in The Hague, and the Home Secretary, Thorbecke. Finally, the plan made its way through the Amsterdam municipal council by a narrow majority. (Mak 1994)

Railway lines

Amsterdam Centraal is at the start of many railway lines, as follows:

  • Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway also known as the Oude Lijn via Haarlem, Leiden and Den Haag
  • Nieuwediep–Amsterdam railway also known as the Staatslijn K from Den Helder to Amsterdam via Alkmaar and Uitgeest
  • Amsterdam-Zutphen railway also known as the Oosterspoorweg via Hilversum, Amersfoort and Apeldoorn
  • Amsterdam-Elten railway also known as the Rhijnspoorweg via Utrecht and Arnhem
  • Amsterdam-Schiphol railway also known as the Westtak Ringspoorbaan

Train services

The following train services call at Amsterdam Centraal:

  • international:
    • 1 daily Intercity-Express service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Basel
    • 6 daily Intercity-Express services Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Munich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Prague
    • 1 daily EuroNight service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Warsaw
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Basel - Zurich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Hamburg - Copenhagen
    • 1x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Brussels
    • 10x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Paris
  • national:
    • 2x per hour intercity service Schagen - Amsterdam - Utrecht - Eindhoven - Maastricht/Heerlen
    • 2x per hour high speed service (Fyra) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Breda
    • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Amsterdam - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort Schothorst
    • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Vlissingen
    • 2x per hour intercity service Den Helder - Amsterdam - Utrecht - Nijmegen
    • 2x per hour intercity service Hoofddorp - Amsterdam - Lelystad
    • 2x per hour intercity service Enkhuizen - Hoorn - Amsterdam
    • 2x per hour intercity service Zandvoort - Haarlem - Amsterdam
    • 2x per hour intercity service Enkhuizen - Hoorn - Amsterdam (peak hours)
    • 2x per hour express service (sneltrein) Amsterdam - Haarlem - Rotterdam - Breda
    • 2x per hour express service (sneltrein) Amsterdam - Schiphol - The Hague
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Amsterdam - Woerden - Rotterdam
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Amsterdam - Almere Oostvaarders
    • 2x per hour local service (stoptrein) Uitgeest - Haarlem - Amsterdam
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort Vathorst
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Amsterdam - Utrecht - Rhenen
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Amsterdam

Railway station layout

There are 15 tracks, of which 11 along a platform:

  • 4 island platforms with on both sides tracks along the full length (tracks 4/5, 7/8, 10/11, 13/14)
  • 1 side platform with 1 track along the full length (15)
  • 1 bay platform / side platform with 2 tracks (1/2)

10 of the 11 tracks along a platform have an a- and a b-side (all except track 1), hence there are 21 places where a train can be positioned for getting on and off.

One with on one side track along the full length (track 2), on the other side there is track only at the west end (track 1; bay platform), along the rest of the platform is the station building.

Tracks 3, 6, 9, and 12 have no platform.

Diagram (platforms are yellow, tunnels are grey, north is up):

           
 
15a ========== ========== ========== ========== 15b
14a ========== ========== ========== ========== 14b
 
13a ========== ========== ========== ========== 13b
12a ========== ========== ========== ========== 12b
11a ========== ========== ========== ========== 11b
 
10a ========== ========== ========== ========== 10b
9a ========== ========== ========== ========== 9b
8a ========== ========== ========== ========== 8b
 
7a ========== ========== ========== ========== 7b
6a ========== ========== ========== ========== 6b
5a ========== ========== ========== ========== 5b
 
4a ========== ========== ========== ========== 4b
3a ========== ========== ========== ========== 3b
2a ========== ========== ========== ========== 2b
 
1 ====

Other transport

Metro services

Amsterdam Centraal Metro station opened in 1980 and is now the terminus of 3 lines, the 51 (Amsterdam Centraal - Amstelveen), 53 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gaasperplas) and 54 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gein).

The metro station is only accessible with an OV-chipkaart or GVB Travel Pass.

Tram services

The following tram services call at Centraal Station:

Tram Service Operator From To Via Frequency
1 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp De Aker Leidsestraat, Overtoom, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Pieter Calandlaan (Osdorp) 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
2 GVB Centraal Station Nieuw Sloten Leidsestraat, Willemsparkweg, Hoofddorpplein, Heemstedestraat Metro, Sloten 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
4 GVB Centraal Station Station RAI Rembrandtplein, De Pijp 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Evenings/Sundays)
5 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen Binnenhof Leidseplein, Museumplein, Bachzaal Theatre, Station Zuid, Amstelveen 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
9 GVB Centraal Station Diemen Sniep Rembrandtplein, Waterlooplein, Artis, Amsterdam Oost, Linneausstraat (Near Station Muiderpoort, Middenweg, Diemen West 6 to 8x per hour. 7 to 10x per hour (Saturday). 6 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
13 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westermarkt, Oud West, Overtooseveld Noord, Jan van Galenstraat Metro, Slotermeer 6 to 8x per hour. 4 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
16 GVB Centraal Station VU Medisch Centrum Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, Fedinand Bolstraat, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg Metro 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
17 GVB Centraal Station Dijkgraafplein (Osdorp) Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Bus Station, Kinkerstraat, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Meer en Vaart, Osdorp Central 6 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekend)
24 GVB Centraal Station VU Medisch Centrum Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, Fedinand Bolstraat, Museumplein, Stadionweg, Amstelveenseweg Metro 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
25 GVB PTA-Passenger Terminal Amsterdam President Kennedylaan Centraal Station, Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, Weteringschans, Ceintuurbaan, De Pijp, Rijnstraat 4x per hour
26 GVB Centraal Station IJburg Piet Heinkade, Rietlandpark (For Line 10), Zuiderzeeweg (P&R), IJburglaan 6 to 10x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)

These tram services leave from outside the main entrance of the station on two sides.

Bus services

City services

Bus Service Operator From To Via Frequency
18 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart Westerdok, Jan van Galenstraat, Hoofdweg, Mercatorplein, Postjesweg Metro, Cornelis Lelyaan (For 1 and 17) 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays)
21 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westerdok, Van Hallstraat (For Line 10), Haarlemmerweg, Bos en Lommerplein, De Vlugtlaan Metro, Geuzenveld Noord 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays)
22 GVB Indische Buurt Spaarndammerbuurt Station Muiderpoort, City, Centraal Station, Westerdok, Zaansestraat 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays and Evenings)
32 GVB Centraal Station Buikslotermeerplein IJtunnel, Oud Noord, Purmerweg, Nieuwendam 6 to 8x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4x per hour (Sundays)
33 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam Noord IJtunnel, Nieuwe Leeuwarderweg, Idoornlaan 6 to 12x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4x per hour (Sundays)
34 GVB Centraal Station Banne Buiksloot IJtunnel, Mosplein, Banne-Buikslootlaan 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays and Evenings)
35 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk IJtunnel, Mosplein, Klaprozenweg, Oostzaan Tuindorp, Oostzaanerdijk 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays and Evenings)
42 GVB Centraal Station KNSM Island City, Jan Schaeferbrug (For Tram 26 Kattenburgerstraat), Sumatrakade 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Sundays and Evenings)
43 GVB Centraal Station Borneo Island City, Cruquiuskade, Borneolaan 6x per hour. 2 to 4x per hour (Sundays and Evenings)
48 GVB Centraal Station Station Sloterdijk Westerdok Riverside, Spaarndammerdijk, Transformatorweg 4x per hour

City nightbuses

These services operate daily. Services start around Midnight and run until around 6am. On Mondays to Thursday Nights 1x per hour and Friday, Saturday and Sundays they run 2x per hour. The area around Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein are where people go for a night in Amsterdam.

Bus Service Operator From To
351 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart
352 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld
353 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp
354 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen
355 GVB Centraal Station Holendrecht
357 GVB Centraal Station Gaasperplas
358 GVB Centraal Station Station Zuid, Sloten and Badhoevendorp
359 GVB Centraal Station IJburg via Muiderpoort Station
361 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam
362 GVB Centraal Station Banne Buiksloot
363 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk

Noord Holland services

Arriva services depart from a new bus station on the river side of the station (beyond platform 15). This can be reached from the main central walkway via escalators. Connexxion services depart from the Kamperbrug bus stops (front).

Bus Service Operator From To Via Frequency Notes
91 Connexxion Centraal Station Zaanse Schans, Zaandam IJtunnel, Mosplein, Klaprozenweg, Oostzaan Tuindorp, Zaandam Southeast, Town Centre, Station Kogerveld, Het Kalf (Zaandam North) 2 to 4x per hour. 2x per hour (Weekends)
92 Connexxion Centraal Station Station Zaandam IJtunnel, Mosplein, Buiksloterdijk, Oostzanerwerf, Kolksloot, Oostzaan, Zaandam Southeast, Town Centre 2 to 4x per hour. 2x per hour (Weekends)
93 Arriva Centraal Station Landsmeer/Purmerend Tramplein IJtunnel, Buikslootermeerplein, Boven Ij Hospital, Landsmeer, Den Ilp, Purmerland, Purmerend South 2x per hour, 1x per hour through to Purmerend
94 Connexxion Centraal Station Station Zaandam IJtunnel, Mosplein, Klaprozenweg, Oostzaan Tuindorp, Zaandam Southeast, Zaandam East, Town Centre 2 to 4x per hour. 2x per hour (Weekends)
100 Arriva Centraal Station Purmerend/ De Rijp IJtunnel, Buikslootermeerplein, Ilpendam, Purmerend, Middenbeemster 2 to 7x per hour (Weekdays). 2 to 4x per hour (Saturday). 2x per hour (Sundays)
104 Arriva Centraal Station Purmerend, Purmer Noord Oost IJtunnel, Ilpendam, Purmerend East 4 to 12x per hour (Not July and August), 2 to 4x per hour (Saturdays), 2x per hour (Sundays) 2 to 6x per hour (July and August), 2x per hour (Saturdays July-August)
106 Arriva Centraal Station Purmerend Noord West IJtunnel, Ilpendam, Station Purmerend Overwhere, Martin Luther Kingweg 4 to 12x per hour (Not July and August), 2 to 4x per hour (Saturdays), 2x per hour (Sundays) 2 to 6x per hour (July and August), 2x per hour (Saturdays July-August)
107 Arriva Centraal Station Purmerend, Purmer Noord Oost IJtunnel, Buikslotermeer (Weekends), Watergang, Ilpendam, Purmerend East Up to 6x per hour (Mon-Fri), 2 to 4x per hour (Saturdays), 2x per hour (Sundays) Limited service in July and August
108 Arriva Centraal Station Purmerend Tramplein IJtunnel, Ilpendam, Purmerend Weidevenne (Amazonelaan) Up to 8x per hour (Mon-Fri), 2 to 4x per hour (Saturdays), 2x per hour (Sundays)
110 Arriva Centraal Station Edam Busstation IJtunnel, Broek in Waterland, Monnickendam (On N247), Volendam, Edam Centre 2x per hour, Not Evenings or Sundays
111 Arriva Centraal Station Marken IJtunnel, Broek in Waterland, Monnickendam Centre, Zuiderwoude 2 to 4x per hour (Monday to Friday), 2x per hour (Weekends)
112 Arriva Centraal Station Edam Busstation Non-Stop to Volendam, Edam Centre 2 to 4x per hour (Monday to Friday), 2x per hour (Saturdays), Not Evening or Sundays
114 Arriva Centraal Station Hoorn NS IJtunnel, Broek in Waterland, Monnickendam (On N247), Edam Busstation, Oosthuizen, Scharwoude 2x per hour (Monday to Friday), 1 to 2x per hour (Sundays)
115 Arriva Centraal Station Monnickendam Centre IJtunnel, Broek in Waterland 2 to 4x per hour (Monday to Friday), 2x per hour (Saturdays), Not Evenings or Sundays
116 Arriva Centraal Station Edam Busstation Non-Stop to Volendam, Edam Centre 2 to 4x per hour (Monday to Friday), 2x per hour (Saturdays), Not Evenings or Sundays
117 Arriva Centraal Station Hoorn NS Non-Stop to Edam Bus Station, Oosthuzen, Scharwoude 2 to 3x per hour, Only operates Monday to Friday peak times Departures between 1405 and 1759
118 Arriva Centraal Station Edam Busstation IJtunnel, Broek in Waterland, Monnickendam (On N247), Voldendam, Edam Centre 2x per hour (Monday to Sunday)
173 Arriva Centraal Station Landsmeer IJtunnel, Buikslotermeerplein, Boven IJ Ziekenhuis 2x per hour (Monday to Sunday)
273 Arriva Centraal Station Landsmeer IJtunnel 5 Journeys (between 4pm and 6.30pm)

South of Amsterdam services

These services stop at the Prins Hendrikade Bus Station (South of Stationsplein)

Bus Service Operator From To Via Frequency Notes
142 Connexxion Centraal Station Wilnis Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Busstation, Leidseplein, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg (+Metro), Amstelveen Busstation, Amstelveen Portwachter Metro, Uithoorn, Uithoorn Busstation, Mijdrecht 2 or 3x per hour (Monday to Saturday). 1 or 2x per hour (Sundays) Limited Stop Service, Stopping Service see 170
144 Connexxion Centraal Station Uithoorn Amstelplein Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Busstation, Leidseplein, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg (+Metro), Amstelveen Busstation, Amstelveen Portwachter Metro, Uithoorn, Uithoorn Busstation 2 or 3x per hour (Monday to Saturday). 1 or 2x per hour (Sundays) Limited Stop Service, Stopping Service see 170
170 Connexxion Centraal Station Uithoorn Busstation Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Busstation, Leidseplein, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg (+Metro), Amstelveen Noord (Amsterdamseweg), Amstelveen Busstation, Amstelveen South (Van Der Hoop Laan), Amstelveen Portwachter Metro, Uithoorn 2 to 4x per hour. 2x per hour (Weekends)
172 Connexxion Centraal Station Kudelstaart Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Busstation, Leidseplein, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg (+Metro), Amstelveen Noord (Amsterdamseweg), Amstelveen Busstation, Keizer Karelweg, Handweg, Sacharovlaan Metro, Westwijkplein, Aalsmeer VBA (Company), Aalsmeer Hortensiaplein Busstation, Aalsmeer, Kudelstaart 4x per hour. 2x per hour (Weekends) 4x per hour

Ferry services

These services start from the quay on the north side of De Ruyter Kade, accessible from the north exit of the station building.

Ferry Service Operator From To Frequency Notes
NDSM-werfveer GVB Centraal Station NDSM-werf 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Late night services Friday (Saturday early morning) and Saturday (Sunday early morning). Services start later Sunday morning.
Buiksloterwegveer GVB Centraal Station Buiksloterweg 24 hours a day, every 6 to 12 minutes (Monday to Sunday)
IJpleinveer GVB Centraal Station IJplein 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Services start later Sunday morning.
IJmuiden Fast Flying Ferry Connexxion Centraal Station IJmuiden Velsen Zuid 2x per hour till 22:00, then 1x per hour(Monday to Friday)
2x per hour till 18:30, then 1x per hour(Saturday and Sunday).
On this route fast hydrofoil boats are used.

See also


External links



Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amsterdam_Centraal_railway_station