Église SaintEustache in Paris

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L’église Saint-Eustache is a church in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, built between 1532 and 1632.

Situated at the entrance to Paris’s ancient markets (Les Halles) and the beginning of rue Montorgueil, the Église de Saint-Eustache is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

History

Situated in Les Halles, an area of Paris renowned for fresh produce of all kinds, the church became a parish in 1223, thanks to a man named Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby. To thank such divine generosity Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name "Saint-Eustache" refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general who was burned along with his family for converting to Christianity. Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church was (like most churches in Paris) desecrated and looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution, however, and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

Description

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail, and has been attributed to Italian-born architect Domenico da Cortona . The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a truncated stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L'écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture made of silver stands in a chapel of the church in memory of the epidemic of AIDS deaths during the 1980s.

Organ

With 8000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ was originally constructed by Ducroquet and later modified under the direction of Joseph Bonnet. The present instrument was designed under the direction of Titular Organist Jean Guillou and dates from 1989 and was built by the Dutch firm of Van den Heuvel retaining a few ranks of pipes from the former organ.

I Positif C–c4
Quintaton 16′
Montre 8′
Salicional 8′
Unda-Maris 8′
Bourdon 8′
Prestant 4′
Flûte à Fuseau 4′
Nasard 22/3
Doublette 2′
Tierce 13/5
Larigot 11/3
Septième 11/7
Fourniture V 2′
Cymbale II 1/3
Douçaine 16′
Trompette 8′
Cromorne 8′
Clairon 4′
Trémolo
II Grand-Orgue C–c4
Montre 32′
Montre 16′
Principal 8′
Flûte à Cheminée 8′
Violoncelle 8′
Grosse Flûte I–II 8′
Prestant 4′
Flûte 4′
Doublette 2′
Grande Fourniture IV–VIII 22/3
Plein-Jeu IV–V 1′
Sesquialtera II 22/3
Grand Cornet III–V
Bombarde 16′
Trompette 8′
Clairon 4′
III Récit Expressif C–c4
Flûte à Cheminée 16′
Principal 8′
Cor de Nuit 8′
Flûte Traversière 8′
Viole de Gambe 8′
Voix Céleste 8′
Octave 4′
Flûte Octaviante 4′
Octavin 2′
Carillon III 22/3′+13/5′+1′
Plein-Jeu VI 22/3
Contrebasson 32′
Bombarde 16′
Trompette Harmonique 8′
Basson-Hautbois 8′
Voix Humaine 8′
Clairon Harmonique 4′
Trémolo
IV Grand-Chœur C–c4
Violonbasse 16′
Bourdon 16′
Diapason 8′
Flûte Majeure 8′
Violon 8′
Grande Quinte 51/3
Principal 4′
Flûte Conique 4′
Grande Tierce 31/5
Quinte 22/3
Grande Septième 22/7
Fifre 2′
Grande Neuvième 17/9
Plein-Jeu Harmonique II–VIII 2′
Clarinette 16′
Cor de Basset 8′
Tuba Magna 16′
Tuba Mirabilis 8′
Cor Harmonique 4′
V Solo C–c4
Flûte Harmonique 8′
Flûte Octaviante 4′
Nasard Harmonique 22/3
Octavin 2′
Tierce Harmonique 13/5
Piccolo Harmonique 1′
Harmoniques III 11/3′ +1/7′+8/9
Ranquette 16′
Chalumeau 8′
Trompeteria II
Trompette en Chamade I–III 8′
Trémolo
Pédale C–g1
Principale basse 32′
Flûte 16′
Contrebasse 16′
Soubasse 16′
Grande Quinte 102/3
Flûte 8′
Violoncelle 8′
Grande Tierce 62/5
Quinte 51/3
Flûte 4′
Flûte 2′
Théorbe II 44/7′+35/9
Mixture V 4′
Contre-Bombarde 32′
Contre-Trombone 32′
Bombarde 16′
Basson 16′
Trompette 8′
Baryton 8′
Clairon 4′

Other burials

  • Scaramouche (Tiberio Fiorelli)
  • Jean-Baptiste Colbert
  • Jean-Philippe Rameau
  • Susan Feilding, Countess of Denbigh

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External links

Notes



Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Église_Saint-Eustache,_Paris