Irish National War Memorial Gardens in Dublin
The Irish National War Memorial Gardens is an Irish war memorial in Islandbridge, Dublin dedicated "to the memory of the 49,400 Irish soldiers who gave their lives in the Great War, 1914–1918", out of over 300,000 Irishmen who served in all armies.
The Memorial Gardens also commemorate all other Irish men and women who at that time served, fought and died in Irish regiments of the Allied armies, the British, Canadian, Australian, New Zealand, South African and United States armies in support of the Triple Entente's war effort against the Central Powers.
Following a meeting of over 100 representatives from all parts of Ireland on 17 July 1919, a Trust Fund was created to consider plans and designs for a permanent memorial "to commemorate all those Irish men and women killed in the First World War".
Rolls of honour
In the granite paved pergolas surrounding the Garden are illuminated Volumes recording the names of all the dead, and were once publicly accessible, although the threat of vandalism has now had these Bookrooms closed except for visits by appointment, and which can be digitally viewed in an onsite office. A wooden cross, the Ginchy Cross, built by the 16th (Irish) Division and originally erected on the Somme to commemorate 4,354 men of the 16th who died in two engagements, is housed in the same building. Three granite replicas of this cross are erected at locations liberated by Irish divisions - Guillemont and Messines-Wytschaete in Belgium, and Thessaloniki in Greece.
The Irish National War Memorial Gardens are now managed by the OPW in conjunction with the National War Memorial Committee
A further Great War Irish national memorial, taking the form of an All-Ireland journey of conciliation, was opened in 1998 at the Island of Ireland Peace Park, Messines, Flanders, Belgium.
Those who died in the Easter Rising which ran concurrently with the First World War, and the Irish War of Independence, are commemorated in the Gardens of Remembrance on Parnell Square, Dublin.
A formal visit to the Memorial Gardens on May 18, 2011 was one of the historic highlights of the Queen Elizabeth II's visit to the Republic of Ireland. The Queen and President Mary McAleese laid wreaths of poppy and laurel respectively to honour the dead.
- Garden of Remembrance
- Grangegorman Military Cemetery
- Other Great War Memorials relating to Ireland:
- Island of Ireland Peace Park Messines, Belgium.
- Menin Gate memorial Ypres, Belgium.
- Ulster Tower Memorial Thiepval, France.
- Thomas P. Dooley: Irishmen or English Soldiers? : the Times of a Southern Catholic Irish Man (1876-1916), Liverpool Press (1995), .
- Myles Dungan: They Shall not Grow Old: Irish Soldiers in the Great War, Four Courts Press (1997), .
- Keith Jeffery: Ireland and the Great War, Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge (2000), .
- Bryan Cooper (1918): The 10th (Irish) Division in Gallipoli, Irish Academic Press (1993), (2003). .
- Terence Denman: Ireland's unknown Soldiers: the 16th (Irish) Division in the Great War, Irish Academic Press (1992), (2003) .
- Desmond & Jean Bowen: Heroic Option: The Irish in the British Army, Pen & Sword Books (2005), .
- Steven Moore: The Irish on the Somme (2005), .
- Thomas Bartlett & Keith Jeffery: A Military History of Ireland, Cambridge University Press (1996) (2006),
- David Murphy: Irish Regiments in the World Wars, OSprey Publishing (2007),
- David Murphy: The Irish Brigades, 1685-2006, A gazatteer of Irish Military Service past and present, Four Courts Press (2007)
The Military Heritage of Ireland Trust.
- Stephen Walker: Forgotten Soldiers; The Irishmen shot at dawn Gill & Nacmillan (2007),
- Access and other information from the Office of Public Works
- Guide to Irish National War Memorial
- Homepage of the Island of Ireland Peace Park Memorial
- The Military Heritage of Ireland Trust
- Department of the Taoiseach: Irish Soldiers in the First World War
- The Irish War Memorials Project - listing of monuments throughout Ireland
- Dublin Memorials of the Great War 1914-1918
- Homepage of the Connaught Ranger's Association
- Homepage of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers Association
- Homepage of the Royal Innniskilling Fusiliers Association
- Homepage of the Royal Munster Fusilier's Association
- Homepage of the Waterford Museum: WWI and Ireland
- Homepage of the Bandon War Memorial Committee
- Combined Irish Regiments Association