North End in Boston
The North End is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It has the distinction of being the city's oldest residential community, where people have lived continuously since it was settled in the 1630s. Though small (⅓ mi²), the neighborhood has approximately 100 eating establishments, and a variety of tourist attractions. It is known as the city's Little Italy for its Italian-American population.
In the early stages of the Revolution, the church at which Increase Mather preached was dismantled by the British for use as firewood during the Siege of Boston. Later, the nearby Hutchinson Mansion was attacked by anti-Stamp Act rioters on the evening of August 26, 1765, forcing then Lieutenant Governor Thomas Hutchinson to flee through his garden. The cholera epidemic of 1849 hit the North End most harshly, claiming most of the seven hundred victims. Prince Pasta was begun by three Sicilian immigrants: Gaetano LaMarco, Giuseppe Seminara, and Michele Cantella. Pastene was formed by Sicilian immigrant Luigi Pastene. Both companies have grown into million dollar a year businesses, and continue to succeed to this day.
To fully understand the sheer size of the Italian immigrant population, one must look back at the groups that preceded them. The Irish, at their peak, numbered roughly 14,000 and the Jews numbered 17,000. The Italians, however, peaked at over 44,000.
The North End is also home to the North Bennet Street School, a trade and craftmanship school that was founded in 1885.<ref name="Boston Schools"/>
The Boston Public Library operates the North End Branch Library. The branch was established in 1913 and moved to its present location in 1963.
The North End is accessible via mass transit, including the MBTA's Orange and Green Line at both Haymarket and North Station, by the Blue Line at Aquarium Station, and by the 4, 89/93, 92, 93, 111, 117, 191, 192, 193, 325, 326, 352, 354, 355, 424, 426, 426/455, and 428 bus lines. It is also accessible by ferry at Rowes Wharf.
- John F. Fitzgerald, politician and grandfather to President John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
- Thomas Hutchinson, governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay shortly before the American Revolution.
- Rose Kennedy, philanthropist and mother to President John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
- Increase Mather, President of Harvard University.
- Charles Ponzi, creator of the Ponzi scheme.
- Paul Revere, 18th-century American activist and artisan.
- David Walker, African-American activist active in the 19th century.
- NorthEndWaterfront.com, "a non-commercial community website" edited by Matt Conti
- Boston Pictorial Archive. Boston Public Library. Images of the North End, Boston
- North End Boston
- History of the North End
- Oral history project about North End