Parc Montsouris in Paris
Parc Montsouris is a public park in the 14th arrondissement of Paris, on the rive gauche (left bank of the River Seine.) The park is fifteen hectares in area, and it is styled as an English garden, a genre popular since the early 19th century. The park was ordained by Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann as part of a plan to add green areas to Paris.
The park is bounded to the south by the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris (CIUP), to the north and east by residential flats, and to the west by the residential district along the avenue Général Leclerc.
The water reservoir in the northeast portion of the park covers an historic entrance to the Paris catacombs.
Cité Universitaire Stop on RER B
The "Cité Universitaire" stop on the line on the RER B (a main north-south train route running from Charles de Gaulle airport to the southern suburbs) is inside Parc Montsouris. It is distinguished by an open-air top and overhanging trees.
Etymology of "Montsouris"
According to the Park's official site<ref name="paris.fr"/> maintained by the French government, the area was originally called moque souris (literally translated as "mock mice") because the area was inhabited by rodents. The name eventually evolved into Montsouris.
Trees, shrubs and statues
The Parc Montsouris is a popular place for students from the adjacent Cité Universitaire. The main upper lawn was used once for a golf tournament. In the lower section of the park, an island in the middle of a tiny lake provides sanctuary to forty species of wild ducks, geese, herons, and other migratory birds. Some turtles imported from Florida, regularly sunbathe on the lake's stony shores.
According to Montsouris's chief gardener, there are about 150 species of trees and shrubs in the park.
The most common trees are:
- Horse-Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
- Common Yew (Taxus baccata)
- Cedar (Cedrus)
- Weeping beech (Fagus sylvatica tortuosa)
- Buttonwood (Platanus)
The rarer species include:
- Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
- Silk tree (Albizia julibrissin)
- Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
- Princess tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
- Pride of India(Koelreuteria bipinnata)
The most common shrubs are:
- Spindle (Euonymus)
- Mahonia (Mahonia)
- Boxwood (Buxus)
- Aucuba (Aucuba)
- Viburnum rhytidophyllum (Viburnum)
- Tinus (Laurustinus Viburnum)
Sculptures in bronze and marble include:
- "Column of the Armed Peace" by Jules-Felix Coutan (1887)
- "First thrill" by René Baucour (1921)
- "Lion's death" by Edmond Desca (1929)
- "Women bathers" by Maurice Lipsi (1952)
- "Shipwrecked" by Antoine Étex (1859)
- "Desert drama" by Georges Gardet (1891)
- "Purity" by Costas Valsamis (1955)
- "Mine accident" by Henri Bouchard (1900)
- "Monument commemorating Colonel Flatters" by Singery
- "Statue of General San Martin" by Van Peborgh (1960)
- : "Montsouris and Buttes-Chaumont: the art of the faux", pp. 34–41
- Parc Montsouris — Postcards of the park from the beginning of the 20th century.
- Official website
- Visiting the Park
- Architecture around the Park
- Trees and shrubs