Riddarholmen in Stockholm

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Riddarholmen


Top: View from Södermalm.
Above: Panoramic view from the City Hall
Left: The Wrangel and Stenbock Palaces.
Below: The Hessenstein Palace.
Bottom: Tower of Birger Jarl and the Riddarholm Church.

Riddarholmen (Swedish: "The Knights' Islet") is a small islet in central Stockholm, Sweden. The island forms part of Gamla Stan, the old town, and houses a number of private palaces dating from the 17th century. The main landmark is the church Riddarholmskyrkan, the royal burial church since the 16th century and where a number of Swedish monarchs lie buried.

The western end of the island gives a magnificent panoramic and photogenic view of the bay Riddarfjärden, often used by TV journalists with Stockholm City Hall in the background. A statue of Birger Jarl, traditionally regarded to be the founder of Stockholm, is standing on a pillar in front of the Bonde Palace north of Riddarholmskyrkan.

Other notable buildings include the Old Parliament Building in the south-eastern corner, the Old National Archive on the eastern shore, and the so called Norstedt Building, the old printing house of the publisher Norstedts, the tower roof of which is a well-known silhouette on the city's skyline.

Palaces

While the church dates back to the Middle Ages, most of the present structures on Riddarholmen were built during the 17th century when the island was an aristocratic setting which gave the islet its present name. Three of the palaces are gathered around the central public square, Birger Jarls Torg centred on the 19th century statue of Birger Jarl: The Wrangel Palace on the west side, the most impressive, incorporates a medieval defensive tower and a portal designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder; the Stenbock and Hessenstein Palaces on the east side are less elaborate. North of the square the two 19th century wings of the Palace of Schering Rosenhane reach the rustic main building which dates from the 17th century.

The palaces of Wrangel, Hessenstein, and Schering Rosenhane are today used by Svea Hovrätt, the appellate court for Svealand, while the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court reside in the palaces of Bonde and Stenbock respectively. Some of the older Swedish Government Agencies, like the Legal, Financial and Administrative Services Agency and the Chancellor of Justice, are also located on the island.

These anonymous institutions, together with the motorway Centralbron which isolates the island from the rest of the city, make the island as a whole a lifeless and dull environment, despite ambitious restorations during the 1990s.

References

See also

  • History of Stockholm
  • Geography of Stockholm
  • List of streets and squares in Gamla stan
  • Riddarholmsbron
  • Hebbes Bro
  • Birger Jarls torn




Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riddarholmen