San Lorenzo in Lucina in Rome

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The Church of St Lawrence's at Lucina (, ) is a Roman Catholic parish and titular church and minor basilica in Rome, Italy, dedicated to Saint Lawrence, Roman deacon and martyr. The name Lucina comes from the Roman matron owner of the house on which the church was built.

The current Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Laurentii in Lucina, established in 684, is Malcolm Ranjith since November, 20 2010.

History

Pope Marcellus I hid here during Maxentius' persecution, while Pope Damasus I was elected here in 366. The church was known as Titulus Lucinae, and thus is mentioned in the acts of the 499 synod of Pope Symmachus.

To the 5th century dates back a tradition that wanted a litany each 25 April, starting from San Lorenzo in Lucina and ending in St Peter's Basilica.

Art and architecture

The facade dates back to the 1112 rebuilding by Pope Paschal II, while the interior was completely changed in 1650, with the old lateral naves changed in Baroque chapels.

The high altar, designed by Carlo Rainaldi, is decorated with a Crucifixion by Guido Reni. Under the altar there is the gridiron on which St Lawrence was martyred. The relics were put here by Pope Paschal II, according to an inscription on the throne behind the altar. The chorus is decorated by Virgins and Saints by Placido Costanzi.

The second chapel to the right, designed by Carlo Rainaldi, was decorated by Jan Miel. Nicolas Poussin is buried in the second chapel on the right, with a monument donated by Chateaubriand with a bust by Paul Lemoyne and a relief by Louis Desprez.

The fourth chapel, the Fonseca chapel, was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and features a lively bust of Gabriel Fonseca by the master sculptor. It also houses a copy of Guido Reni's Annunciation completed by Giacinto Gimignani. The fifth chapel on the right has a Death of St. Giacinta Marescotti by Marco Benefial and a Life of St. Francis (1624) by Simon Vouet. The fourth chapel has a St. Giuseppe by Alessandro Turchi and a San Carlo Borromeo by Carlo Saraceni. The first chapel has works (1721) by Giuseppe Sardi.

Charles Stewart, an officer in the Papal army who died in 1864, is buried within the church. He was the son of John Stewart, Prince Charles Edward Stuart's (Charles III) 'maestro di casa'. Charles had created John a baronet in 1784.

Burials

  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Josef Mysliveček

Charles Stewart

See also

  • Montecitorio
  • Via del Corso

Notes

References

  • D. Mondini, "S. Lorenzo in Lucina", in: P. C. Claussan, D. Mondini, D. Senekovic, Die Kirchen der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter 1050-1300, Band 3 (G-L), Stuttgart 2010, pp. 261–309,
  • R. Krautheimer, Corpus basilicarum christianarum Romae. The early christian basilicas of Rome, 2, Città del Vaticano 1959, 178-179.
  • M. E Bertoldi, "L'area archeologica di San Lorenzo in Lucina a Roma", Bollettino di archeologia, 13-15, 1992, 127-134.
  • M. E. Bertoldi, S. Lorenzo in Lucina (Le chiese di Roma illustrate. Nuova serie 28), Roma 1994.
  • Olof Brandt, "Sul battistero paleocristiano di S. Lorenzo in Lucina", Archeologia laziale XII (Quaderni di archeologia etrusco-italica 23), 1, Roma 1995, 145-150.
  • Olof Brandt, "La seconda campagna di scavo nel battistero di S. Lorenzo in Lucina a Roma. Rapporto preliminare", Opuscula Romana 20, 1996, 271-274.
  • Olof Brandt, "Un'iscrizione riutilizzata da S. Lorenzo in Lucina", Rivista di Archeologia Cristiana 70, 1994, 197-201.
  • G. De Spirito, "Basilica S. Laurentii in Lucina", Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae III, Roma 1996, 183-185.
  • M. E. Bertoldi, "Un documento di archivio sul battistero di S. Lorenzo in Lucina", Ultra terminum vagari. Scritti in onore di Carl Nylander a cura di Börje Magnusson et al., Roma 1997, 43-44.

External links



Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Lorenzo_in_Lucina