Sydney Tower in Sydney
Sydney Tower Eye (also known as the Sydney Tower, AMP Tower, Westfield Centrepoint Tower, Centrepoint Tower or just Centrepoint) is Sydney's tallest free-standing structure, and the second tallest in Australia (with the Q1 building on the Gold Coast being the tallest). It is also the second tallest observation tower in the Southern Hemisphere (after Auckland's Sky Tower, though Sydney Tower Eye's main observation deck is almost higher than that of Auckland's Sky Tower). The Sydney Tower Eye is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers.
The tower stands above the Sydney CBD, being located at 100 Market Street, between Pitt and Castlereagh Streets. It is accessible from the Pitt Street Mall, and sits upon Centrepoint (to which the tower is often referred), an office and shopping centre development. The tower is open to the public, and is one of the most prominent tourist attractions in the city, being visible from a number of vantage points throughout town and from adjoining suburbs.
While AMP managed the Centrepoint shopping centre, the tower was officially referred to as "AMP Tower". After the Westfield Group took over ownership of Centrepoint in December 2001, the name was changed to Sydney Tower. In 2011, Merlin Entertainments acquired the rights to operate the tower and its name was changed to the Sydney Tower Eye.
Whilst the Shopping centre at the base of the tower is run by the Westfield Group the tower itself is part of Merlin Entertainments.
Construction of the office building commenced in 1970, and tower construction began in 1975. Public access to the tower began in August 1981. The total cost of construction was A$36 million.
Prior to construction of the tower, the height limit in Sydney had been set at , to allow for safe overflights by flying boats.
In 2009, the base building has been stripped for re-building and connection to other arcades, also being upgraded, by Westfield. On 25–26 June 2011 the "AMP" banner was removed from the tower and replaced by a large illuminated "Westfield" logo, This was achieved by helicopter after two previous attempts on 22 May and 12 June were aborted due to bad weather.
There are three main sections of the tower open to public access. One is the observation deck at above ground level with a fully enclosed viewing platform featuring 360-degree views of the city and surrounds. and a readout displaying data on the conditions of the tower (wind speed, direction and sway amplitude). On 23 September 2011, this level also became home to a 4-D cinema.
Skywalk is an open-air, glass-floored platform circling the Sydney Tower Eye at a height of above ground level. The moving viewing platform extends out over the edge of the main structure of Sydney Tower Eye. It was opened on 18 October 2005 and cost A$3.75 million to construct. The Skywalk took four years to design and two months to build, using more than 2,000 sections of steel and 4,376 nuts and bolts. This platform only accessible as part of planned and booked tours. The event is to raise money for the Cancer Council, and the two winners become eligible to compete in the Empire State Building Run-up.<ref name=Supersprint/>
In popular culture
- In the 2005 Hallmark Channel film Supernova the tower is destroyed by meteors flying from a supernova.
- The tower is featured in the 1995 film ' where a CGI simulation is used as a weapon by one of the Megazords in the climatic battle before it's rebuilt.
- In the last Japanese Godzilla film, Godzilla: Final Wars, the tower is destroyed when the alien antagonists teleport Zilla (the monster from the late 90s American remake starring Matthew Broderick) into the city. Zilla is later defeated by the real Godzilla, destroying the Sydney Opera House in the process.
- Australian landmarks
- List of tallest towers in the world
- Hyperboloid structure
- List of hyperboloid structures