Teatro Real in Madrid

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The Teatro Real (literally Royal Theatre) or simply El Real (as it is known colloquially), is a major opera house located in Madrid, Spain.


After thirty-two years of planning and construction, a Royal Order on 7 May 1850 decreed the immediate completion of the "Teatro de Oriente" and the building works were finished within five months. The Opera House, located just in front of the Palacio Real, the official residence of the Queen who ordered the construction of the theatre, Isabel II, was finally inaugurated on 19 November 1850, with Donizetti's La Favorite.

From 1867 it housed the Madrid Royal Conservatory until 1925 when a Royal Order on 6 December called for eviction owing to the damage that the construction of the Metro de Madrid had caused to the building). The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. In 1969, the 14th Eurovision Song Contest was held at the theatre, featuring an onstage metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist, Salvador Dalí.<ref name="Teatro Real, Madrid's premier opera house"/><ref name="Cultural Institutions: Teatro Real"/>

In the 1990s, the house was remodelled to host opera again and reopened in 1997. The first opera program performed for the reopening was Manuel de Falla’s El sombrero de tres picos and La vida breve, which was immediately followed by the world premiere of Spanish composer Antón García Abril's Divinas Palabras (actually commissioned to open the house) with Plácido Domingo in the cast.<ref name="Cultural Institutions: Teatro Real"/> The company staged the first modern revival of Vicente Martín y Soler's Il burbero di buon cuore in 2007.

The company

The theatre stages around seventeen opera titles (both own productions and co-productions with other major European opera houses) per year, as well as two or three major ballets and several recitals.<ref name="Teatro Real, Madrid's premier opera house"/> The orchestra of the Teatro Real is the Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid. The current general director is Gerard Mortier.

Artistic Directors (from 1995)

  • Stéphane Lissner (1995-1997)
  • Luis Antonio García Navarro (1997-2001, Artistic and music Director)
  • Emilio Sagi (2001-2005)
  • Antonio Moral (2005-2010)
  • Gerard Mortier (2010- )

Music Directors (from 1997)

  • Luis Antonio García Navarro (1997-2001, Artistic and music Director)
  • Jesús López Cobos (2003-2010)

Most represented operas at the Teatro Real

Author Opera Premiere Last performance Performances
Verdi Rigoletto 1853 2009 371
Verdi Aida 1874 1998 361
Verdi Il trovatore 1854 2007 342
Rossini Il barbiere di Siviglia 1850 2005 317
Donizetti La favorita 1850 2003 288
Meyerbeer L'Africaine 18651923 268
Meyerbeer Les Huguenots 1858 2011 243
Donizetti Lucia di Lammermoor 1851 2001 242
Gounod Faust 1865 2003 239
Verdi La Traviata 1855 2005 229
Donizetti Lucrezia Borgia 1851 1919 218
Wagner Lohengrin 1881 2005 206

See also

  • Madrid Symphony Orchestra
  • Spanish National Orchestra
  • RTVE Symphony Orchestra
  • Community of Madrid Orchestra
  • Queen Sofía Chamber Orchestra
  • National Auditorium of Music
  • Teatro Monumental
  • Zarzuela

External links

Source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teatro_Real