University of California Botanical Garden in Berkeley
The University of California Botanical Garden is a 34 acre (13.7 ha) botanical garden located on the University of California, Berkeley campus. The Garden is in the campus's Strawberry Canyon which overlooks the San Francisco Bay. It is one of the most diverse plant collections in the United States, and famous for its large number of rare and endangered species.
The Garden was established in 1890 on the University's central campus and moved to its present location in the hills above the campus under the directorship of Thomas Harper Goodspeed. Its layout in the Canyon was designed by Goodspeed and fellow Berkeley professor and landscape architect, John William Gregg. The Garden now contains more than 20,000 accessions, representing 324 plant families, 12,000 different species and subspecies, and 2,885 genera. Outdoor collections are in general arranged geographically, and nearly all specimens have been collected from the wild. The major family collections include: Cactus (2,669 plants), Lily (1,193 plants), Sunflower (1,151 plants), Heath (897 plants), and Orchid (950). Other well-represented families include about 500 types of ferns and fern allies, Chinese medicinal herbs, plants of economic importance, Old rose cultivars, and California native plants. A set of greenhouses contain succulents, epiphytes, ferns, carnivorous plants, and tropicals.
The Garden's geographically organized sections include:
- African - featuring South African plants including lilies, Proteas, ice plants, Aloes, and Encephalartos.
- Asian - has an outstanding Rhododendron collection (259 taxa, 397 accessions) including many mature tree Rhododendrons too tender for most North American climates. Also present are many members of the redwood family including the original dawn redwoods (Metasequoia), and dozens of unusual shrubs, vines, and herbaceous species recently collected from China.
- Australasian - includes plants from Australia and New Zealand with southern beeches, Banksias, myrtles such as Eucalyptus, cycads, and Phormiums.
- California Native - with over 4,000 accessions, including nearly one-half of the state's native vascular plant species and 174 taxa on the California Native Plant Society's list of rare and endangered species, this is one of the most extensive collections in the world. Prominent genera are: manzanitas (Arctostaphylos spp.) with 81 taxa (252 accessions), California-Lilacs (Ceanothus spp.) with 55 taxa (164 accessions), and an almost complete collection of California bulbous monocots in the Lily and Amaryllis families (Fritillaria, Calochortus, Lilium, Erythronium, Allium, Brodiaea) with 118 taxa (234 accessions)
- Chinese Medicinal Herb Garden - growing selections from the everyday pharmacopeia of modern China.
- Mediterranean - exhibits flora from countries such as Morocco, Spain, Portugal and the Canary Islands, Turkey, and Syria, on a hillside with fine views across the bay.
- New World Desert: bristles with cacti and other succulents from North and Central America, plus the high deserts of the Andes.
- North American: includes deciduous trees such as tulip tree (Liriodendron), bald cypress (Taxodium), and dogwoods (Cornus).
- Meso American: shows the diversity of Central American habitats with genera found in both mountain and desert areas such as Agaves, oaks (Quercus), pines, and an extensive range of brightly-flowered Salvias.
- South American - sports a young grove of monkey-puzzle trees (Araucaria araucana), an outstanding collection of Fuchsias, and several species of southern beech. The garden has one of the most complete selections of cultivars of Lapageria.
The Garden's greenhouses are as follows: the Arid House presents seasonal exhibits of cacti and succulents. The Fern and Carnivorous Plants House display diverse ferns and unusual insect-eating plants. The Tropical House features tropical plants of economic value, and many curiosities such as the giant corpse lily Amorphophallus.
- Edward Lee Green (1890-1895)
- Joseph Burtt Davy (Informal)(1895-1902)
- William Albert Setchell (1902-1928)
- Thomas Harper Goodspeed (1928-1954)
- Paul Licht (2003-)
- California native plants
- List of botanical gardens in the United States
- The University of California Botanical Garden - Official website